Showing posts with label Tips and Tricks. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Tips and Tricks. Show all posts

Remotely Shutdown Computer Using Smartphone From Anywhere

Smartphone has became an essential thing in our daily life in this technologically developed world and we use it for various way to fulfill many purposes easily within a moment. We do use smartphones almost all the time, from checking the time to pay electric bill to every little things smartphones are playing very important role to make the lifestyle easier.

So in this article, I'm going to share a trick to shutdown your home or office desktop computer using a smartphone. Yes, it's possible with a simple software and here you will need to send just a command from your smartphone to computer to shut down remotely from anywhere in the world over the internet.


This trick might be useful in situation where you forget to shut down your PC. In such a situation, you can simply send a command from your smartphone to computer which will shut down your computer smoothly through the internet.

'Airytec Switch Off' is a simple windows based software which is designed to shut down any windows computers over the internet via any smartphone. This software allows you to shutdown the computer in very easy steps through any web browser in a smart device. So let's have a look on how to do this with screenshots.

How To Shutdown PC Using Smartphone


You have to get the app named 'Airytec Switch Off' to your windows computer.

Let's move on to know how to shutdown a computer remotely using any smartphone over the internet connection.
Firstly launch the app in your PC and you will see the software icon in system tray as shown image below.


Click in that icon and setup the changes as your requirement or go with the setup as shown below in image.


Once you finish the setup, right click on shutdown icon from system tray and click on Settings. There you will find a option called 'Remote' section and click on it. After that click on edit web interface settings as shown in the image below.


In this window, enable web interface tick and click on apply button.


Once you finish the settings, click on view/ update static address and note the shutdown URL. This is the URL will be used in web browser later to shutdown computer remotely. Finally double click on the shutdown icon from system tray to enable the settings for remote shutdown from anywhere through the internet.

That's it. You've prepared your computer for remote shutdown. 

Now start any web browser in your smartphone and enter the URL which you have note down earlier from your computer. The interface of that particular URL will looks like this.


Now click on Shutdown button and soon your computer will shutdown with the command from your smartphone. So this is one of the most easiest way to shutdown home or office computer remotely using any smartphone.

You can download 'Airytec Swtich Off' software to your computer by Clicking here

This coolest software not only allows you to shutdown the PC remotely, also you can restart, put in sleep mode or even hibernate the computer through this app as well.

Other Alternative Methods To Shutdown PC Remotely

Using Unified Remote

This app is also another great app that can be used as a remote control for you PC. You can get the 'Unified Remote' app and make it the remote to shutdown your PC from anywhere without any difficulties. It is not complicated and I would rather say 'Unified Remote' app for the Android is a very effective app to have in for an easy process. It is free to get from the Google playstore. So now let us check on how to get this done.

Firstly, you have to get the app named 'Unified Remote' directly from the Google playstore to your Android smartphone or tab.

Next you have to install the client application in your windows PC.

Then you have to connect your Android device and your computer to the same WiFi connection. 
Now open you Android smartphone and when you are connected to the internet, you will get a screen like shown below stating Connected to ‘Your PC Name’.


Now you will be able to check on all the options in your mobile app like the ‘Basic Input’, ‘File Manager’, ‘Keyboard’ and etc.


There you have to select the option ‘Power’.


In the next screen, you will come across the options such as ‘Restart’, ‘Shutdown’ and so on.


All you have to do is, press on the option ‘Shut Down’ and your PC will automatically shut down.

Simple as that. You can also choose the other options as you prefer. This method is very simple and effective. Works on a great scale and has a very fast performance.

Using Shutdown Start Remote

This is another alternative app that can be used to shutdown or restart your PC using your Android smartphone, which will act as the remote controller. This app is also fast and very easy to use. All you will need is the app downloaded in your Android and your PC and that is all, then you can manage your PC using your phone itself without any tensions. Let us see how to set it up.

Initially you have to get the app named ‘Shutdown Start Remote’ directly from the Google playstore to your Android smartphone.

Then you have to also get the windows client to your computer to get started with the process.

Next make sure you have connected both your Android smartphone and your PC to the same WiFi connection. When connected, take your Android smartphone and when you open the app, you will notice a screen like shown in the picture below.


Scroll down and tap on the option ‘Start Search’ option and it will literally search for the computer and get it detected.


Ones it detects all the PC that is close by, select your computer and tap on it.


Then it will lead to a screen like shown below. There you can either set a timer for the PC to shutdown or you can also immediately restart, shutdown or hibernate your computer.


That is all, these are all very simple steps to follow and get your phone setup as a remote controller to your computer. You can easily shutdown or restart you PC with ease.

Using Shutter

This is a great tool developed for an easy access of your PC using a web browser. Using the ‘Shutter’ app you can shutdown, restart or even hibernate your PC. It is a great app that you can control your PC from a web browser remotely. So let us now see how to get it done.

Firstly, you have to get the application named ‘Shutter’ to your windows PC and when you install it, it will open up to the main interface of the app.

Next you have to choose to ‘Set Events’ that will trigger actions. For an example you can choose low battery on events to trigger the ‘Shutdown Or Hibernate’ your PC.


Then after the event is selected you have to select the action. Go to ‘Actions’ and choose ‘Shutdown’ from the option and select the ‘Start’ button to continue.


Now, choose ‘Options’ and go to the ‘Web Interfere’.


There you will have a list of IP menu, you have to select your computer’s IP Address from the list and choose the ‘Port’ that you want to use. Then enter your ‘Username And Password’ and click on ‘Save’.

Next you have to open the web browser and enter the IP Address along with the Port number. It will then ask for your Username and Password, enter the required and select anything from the list provided.


That is all, using these steps you can now shutdown or hibernate your PC from anywhere at any time. It is less complicated to do. You can also use your smartphone web browser and easily shutdown the computer when you are far from it.

Gmail Tips And Tricks You Must Know

Communicating methods has turned out to be very simple in this world today. We can easily connect to anyone from anywhere of the earth within seconds. From the ability to audio calls to video calls including group or conference call, things have changed and updated in a great manner. We strongly got hold to the technological changes that brought us good enough facts to get the best from it. One of the most used communication method, especially for official uses is the email.

We get emails from our working places, from airlines regarding the tickets we books, from hotel inquiring about our booked rooms or meetings and so many of such official mails get loaded up in our inbox. Even educational messages from schools or college to the students and the parents are being sent via emails. That is why we always check on to our mails and stay updated. There are so many mails that we have today to choose and one of the best and the most trending mails that the majority of the internet users use today is the Gmail. Gmail is a very simple and a reliable mail service found in the internet so far.



Well, apart from just receiving and sending mails in Gmail, have you checked upon some of the other amazing features that’s available in it? If you are not sure of what I am talking then let me explain in brief. Though most of us don’t know, there are other features which can be used to make the experience in Gmail a way better one. You can get in control of your emails using some of the tips and tricks. If you are eager enough to know what it is, then come let us move ahead and figure them out.

Best Gmail Tips And Tricks 

Respond quickly using the smart compose

This smart compose feature helps you to finish up your sentence before you could write it. Just like how it detect the other words that should line up along with it. When you start to type out an email, the Gmail’s artificial intelligence algorithm will guess your sentence and provide you with the rest of the words. You can press on the tab key for the suggestion to automatically populate the email. So if you turn on the smart compose in your Gmail account then it will help you out in a great way.


To get it done, you have to go to the ‘Settings’ tab and then press on the ‘General’ option and there you have to toggle on the ‘Smart Compose’ option.


Schedule Email To Send Later

Well, of you have ever forgotten to send mails and when you do remember, the deadline is already passed? Or have you been slammed in at work by the boss for not being responsible enough to send the mails on the particular time and not late or earlier? If so, you could have simply set the time in prior so that the mail will be sent automatically on time.


To schedule the mails all you have to do is, type in the mail and click on the down arrow which is on the bottom left, beside the ‘Send’ button. It will lead to the ‘Schedule Send’ option, select it and set the correct time and date for the email to be sent. Then click on the ‘Schedule Send’ and now the mail will be sent at the accurate time provided.

Cut (Trackpad) Corners With Keyboard Shortcuts

It would be easy if we can use some shortcut keys to make the Gmail pop up on the screen rather than browsing for it which would take a longer time. Gmail has got a few such unique keyboard shortcuts that can be used. You can press on the letter ‘C’ on your keyboard and the email compose screen would appear on top of your screen. If you want to check on the draft then click both’B+D’ together. But first you have to activate this feature.


To do so, go to the ‘Settings’ > ‘Advanced’ and then enable the keyboard shortcuts. There you would find all the lists of keyboard shortcut, you can take a view at all of them and if you wish to make some change, you can do so and customize your own key patterns. Make sure the keyboard shortcuts is also turned on in ‘Settings’> ‘General’ > ‘Keyboard Shortcuts. To see the fill list of keyboard shortcuts press ‘Shift’ + ‘\’ together. Likewise there are many shortcuts that you can get into use.

Unsend An Email

Most of the time there can be situations where you send an email to the wrong person or you have a mistake in the email and wants to unsend it. Well, that possible with Gmail. You can do it only within 30 seconds after sending it.

To get this settings done, you can to go to the ‘Settings’ > ‘General’ > Toggle on ‘Undo Send’.


Personal Assistant In Gmail

Sometimes you might have to go through all the emails to check what time your flight is at or what time you have a meeting planed, even catch up with your bestie or such events. Now with Gmail, you can have an assistant to whom you will not have to pay. The Gmail assistant feature searches all your inbox for any events planned, flights, hotel or restaurant reservations and any such programs and piles them up under one place. All your past reservations would also be kept under track.


This feature can be activated by clicking on your ‘Profile Pic Or The Circle With Your Name’s First Letter’ and select ‘Google Accounts’ > ‘Payments and Subscriptions’. Then select the option you want to view.

So that’s it, now we have checked on a few special and unique features provided by the Gmail that we never knew or didn’t use. All of these tips would really help you out to have and maintain a simple yet an organized mail app. So I hope you would have gained some great tips and tricks from this guide.

How To Stop Apps Running In Background - Android

In the world of smart phones, Android has taken one prominent place. There are a lot of features in Androids and they are pretty easy to handle with and also we can also make it according to our priority. The operating system in Android lets you customize it without any problems. But there is one thing that annoys all of us: slow performance of our smart device.

What makes your Android slow? There are many reasons behind this but one main thing is the background running apps. When other apps run on the background it takes time to load itself and in this meantime your Android will slow down. The background running apps consumes the system RAM and this makes the Android to lag. When this happens, nothing will work according to the normal speed, the apps that you want to load may take more time than usual, the pictures and videos might start to crack and stop. So to overcome this problem we have to stop the background running apps. But how? Have no clue?


Let me show you how to stop Android apps from running in the background. When these apps that runs in the background, you have to find out which app is causing the trouble, so that it would be easier for you to stop them. To find it out I am going to introduce you to few methods, which are both quiet simple. You need no third party apps to install or any other kind of hard stuff to do. Let’s see how to do it in a step by step process.


Why Do Some Apps Run In The Background

Well, different app works differently according to what their purpose is. Some apps would need your ‘Focus’ and some won’t need it. So in that case, there are particular apps that will need you to operate and access. Only if you open it, it will run, whereas they don’t update in the background.

And the other apps will definitely need the background access and they should be open and running throughout for a better performance. Apps like Whatsapp and other messaging apps runs in the background to make sure you get uninterrupted messages.

Is It Necessary To Kill Background Apps Manually

There are plenty of apps in Google playstore which requires for permission to run in the background. Some apps will not necessarily need to run in background but still they request for permission. For an example a photo editing app doesn’t have to always be running and active, so in that case you can kill such apps from running in the background.

What Happens If You Kill All The Apps

You can read the two preceding sections to have a clear idea on what apps you should allow to run in the background and what app to kill to have a better performance.

For example if you are browsing the Facebook and at the same time waiting for a message in Whatsapp and listening to music. In that case if you kill them all, the music player will stop playing, Facebook would crash and the message in Whatsapp might not get delivered on time. So check on what you need and what you don’t want.

Stop App Running From Background

How To Find Which Apps Are Consuming More Battery Life

When the a lot of apps run in the background, it will literally decrease the performance speed and bring forth other minor issues too. We all now know why some apps need to run in the background and what apps doesn’t need to.

So in that way we can kill the unwanted apps but if you are also willing to check on what are the apps that are running in your device background and consuming most of your battery life, then there is a way to find it out. Along with that you will also be able to which app are open now and are running, how ling they have been running and the amount of RAM they are consuming. So come let us check it out too. 

To get it done, you have to go to the 'Settings' tab and tap on the 'Developers Options'.


If that option is not visible, then go to 'Settings' and then press 'About Phone' there.


Next, you have to tap on the 'Build Number' seven times and then you will receive a notification confirming that you are now in the 'Developer’s Mode'. From there you have to go to the 'Settings' and scroll to click on the 'Developer’s Options'.


Now you have to select the 'Running Services'.


There you will see a list of the background apps that are running in your device.


Then to check on the apps that are draining your battery life, you have to go to the ‘Settings’ once again and then to the ‘Device Care’.


Thereafter you have to scroll down and select the ‘Battery’ option.


In the next screen you will be provided with all the apps that are consuming you battery.


But be aware not to disable or uninstall any apps that are essential to the Android to run normally, because the Android needs some particular apps that are necessary or it to function accurately. So make sure to disable the apps that you think is not necessary. So that’s it. now you can simply disable apps that’s running in the background and is causing the device to lag.

How To Kill The Background Apps

It is necessary to kill or force stop some of the apps that are running in the background. Let us see how to do that.

Firstly, you have to go to the ‘Settings’ tab and select the option ‘Apps’. From the list of apps that are available select the one that you want to stop. Tap open the app and then press on the ‘Force Stop’ option. Doing that will currently stop the app but it will relaunch when you reboot your phone.



Also, some apps comes with the ability to prevent the apps from auto starting by itself. If you have that option in your phone then you can select it.

If you think that the particular app will no longer be needed by you, then you can simply long press on the app icon and select the option ‘Uninstall’ or tap on the app and press ‘Uninstall’ and tap ‘Confirm’.


Other than the above provided method, you can also stop the apps from the ‘Memory Usage’ section which is under the optimization settings. To get it done, go to ‘Settings’ > ‘Device Care’ > and select ‘Memory’.


There you will see a ‘Clean Now’ button, select the apps that are consuming too much memory by a check mark. Then tap on the ‘Clean Now’ blue button and free up memory by stopping the background running apps.



Stop Background Running Apps Through Developer option

First of all to enable the developer mode you have to go to Setting > About Phone > Build Number. Here tap on the build number 7-10 times to make the developer action activated.

Now after the developer mode is activated, go to Settings > Developer Options. Here when you scroll down you will notice an option called Background Process Limit. Tap on it.


Now in there you have to press the ‘No Process’.


That’s it. Now you are done with stopping the unwanted background apps from running and slowing down your Android. These methods that are given above are quite simple and help your Android from stopping the apps from using extra RAM of your Android. Hope it was useful for you.

How To Repair Corrupted Pen Drives In Windows Computer

We are living in a technological world where everything is depended upon different servers. Thereby in this computerized world, every activity is based on data transfer through various methods. We do use many portable devices for data transfer such as per drive, memory card and portable hard disk. So in this article, I'm going to discuss something about pen drives.

Pen drives are used to carry data from one computer to another. We do use pen drive in many situations. Pen drives might be useful to keep our college assignments to take a quick access from college computers or we can share any videos and movies with a friend using pen drives. Likewise pen drive can be very useful in many situation for quick data transfer. However most common problem in using the pen drive for data transfer is virus attack. Viruses might come to pen drive very easily since we do data transfer with many different computers and some of them don't have a proper antivirus protection. Some kind of viruses can be deleted by scanning the pen drive with a good antivirus and some of the viruses might damage the entire pen drive and make them no use anymore.


This article is going to cover the steps to do in case if your per drive is corrected or not recognized by the computer. So let's have a look on some possible methods to recover the pen drive for daily use after getting pen drive corrupted or not recognized.

How To Recover A Corrupted Pen Drive

Using Windows Troubleshoot

If your pen drive is not detected due to an hardware issue, then windows troubleshoot is the best way to figure out the problem. Click on start menu and search for 'Troubleshooting' and hit enter. Now click on 'Configure A Device' and follow the instruction as per on the screen to troubleshoot the corrupted pen drive.



Update USB Pen Drive Drivers

Sometimes pen drives might not get recognized by windows due to poor drivers. In this case, you will need to update pen drive drivers manually. Follow the steps mentioned below to update USB drivers manually in windows computer.

Start the Run box and type as 'devmgmt.msc' and hit enter button.


Now the device manager windows will appear and here you need to expand Universal Serial Bus Controllers and find the not recognized device which will be mentioned under 'Unknown Device'.


Now right click on unknown device and click on Update Drivers as shown below.


That's it. By updating USB drivers to new version might help you to get back the not recognized device to use again.

Command Prompt Trick

Windows cmd trick is another best way to recover corrupted or not recognized pen drive.You will need to add some simple commands in windows computer to see the magic. Firstly, remove all the external portable devices from your computer and connect only the device on which you're going to perform the cmd trick.

Now start the command prompt in your windows computer and follow the steps mentioned below.

Type 'diskpart' and hit enter.
Then 'List Disk' and hit enter.
Now note down the disk number of your per drive.




Now type 'Select Disk 1' and hit enter (here you should enter your device disk number).

Next type 'Clean' and click enter button.

Now type 'Create Partition Primary' and hit enter.




Now type the following commands and hit enter after each command in windows cmd.
Active > Select Partition 1 > format fs=fat32

That's it. You're done. Now it will take some times to complete all the process. Sit back and relax. After sometimes your corrupted pen drive will be formatted and ready to use.


Reinstall USB driver

When your computer don’t recognize your pen drive, there can be many reasons for it. Maybe the driver is damaged, some such problems can be sorted out by reinstalling the USB driver on your computer. So let us take a look at how to get it done.

First, you have to 'Right Click' on the 'Computer' or 'My Computer' icon and choose the 'Manage' option.

Then from the pop up window, select the 'Device Manager' option.

Next, double click on the 'Disk Driver' and look for the name of your USB drive.

Now, right click on your pen drive and select the option 'Uninstall'.


There after you got to unplug the pen drive and reboot your PC.

Finally, plug in the pen drive to the PC again and now it should detect your drive.

That’s it, you can try this method out without any difficulties.

Assign A New Drive Letter To Your Pen Drive

There can be reason when your computer can't assign a drive letter to your pen drive and in that case you will not be able to access the pen drive as the PC won't detect it. If you assign a new drive letter to your drive manually, then there are chances for your drive to work accurately if it was the reason for why the PC couldn't detect it.

To assign a letter, first you have to connect the drive to your PC.

Then right click on the 'Computer/My Computer' and select 'Manage' and then choose 'Disk Manage'.

From there find your pen drive and right click on it.

Now click on the option 'Change Drive Letter and Paths' and then choose a drive letter.


That’s it, now check if your drive works accurately.

Repair Corrupted SD Or Pen Drives Using The Windows Explorer

This method is well known and mostly used by everyone around. So let us also check on how to repair our pen drive or SD card using the Windows Explorer in a few minutes.

To start with, you have to open the 'My Computer' or 'This PC'.

Then select the corrupted drive and 'Right Click' on it to proceed.

Next from the drop down menu you have to select the option 'Format'.

Now select the 'Restore Device Default' from the pop up window.


You have to now click 'Start' to start format, you can also un-check the 'Quick Format' process if you want your PC to deep scan the drive for all the errors and clean it up entirely. But it will take a little longer time.

Then in the next step, the process will warn you of the amount of data that will be lost, simply press 'OK'. When the format process completes you will have your clean drive.

Using The Third Party Data Recovery Software

This process is also a simple one to repair your corrupted pen drive. All that you will need to repair it is a data recovery program that is compatible with your PC. So the software we are going to use today is the 'iBoysoft Data Recovery'. It is best at how it works as it deals with all types of problems and errors, it also deals with formatted drives, corrupted drives, unmounted and also RAW drives. It also helps by recovering lost or deleted media files and all types of data from the USB drive. Let us see how to get this done.


First you have to plug in the USB drive to your PC.

Then get the software named 'iBoysoft Data Recovery' and install it in your windows PC.

Next open the app and select your USB drive .

Now you have to click 'Next' and then the program will start scanning for the files. You can choose 'Deep Scan' or 'Quick scan' manually, but you can also use the default settings.

When the scanning is done, click on it to check on the results. You can select the files that you can to recover.

Then click on the option 'Recover'.

That’s it, the process is very simple and effective. This software will allow you to recover the lost files like photos, videos, documents, emails and so much more.

Above mentioned methods are not only limited to pen drives, you can also try the same methods on your corrupted portable hard disk and memory card as well.

Get Alert If Someone Tries To Pick-Pocket Your Android Phone

Thefts are very common nowadays, we see so many news and videos on how thieves makes a way to steal precious things from others. There are too many people waiting eagerly for a chance and the poor victims have to unfortunately lose their hard earned stuffs. 

Today the easiest device to be stolen is the smartphones. We carry our phones everywhere we go and sometimes we might miss it, at such moments it will be confusing whether is kept it somewhere and forgot it or whether someone stole it. Things would get clear only if we have a way to safeguard devices, so today let us see on how to protect our android smartphones from thefts. There are so many of us, who have to travel in a public vehicles like bus and train. When traveling, everyday will not be similar, there can be days when the bus or the train would be crowded and you will be stuck in between.


In such moments we will not know even of someone opens our bags and take the phone out of it, not only that but it will also be quiet easy in a crowded place to slowly take the phone out from your pocket. And when you realize your phone is missing, it would be too late.

A similar incident happened to a friend of mine, who bought a new Android smartphone and placed it in her jeans pocket. She went to a crowded market and when came back to find that her phone was missing, it was too late for her to regret and though she went back to the market to find for it, she couldn’t as it is actually not easy to find the phone if someone has stolen it. She then got a new phone but this time, she didn’t want to be careless, as she frequently travels in buses and trains and moves around in and out of crowded places, she wanted to find a way to safeguard her phone from being stolen. What she came up with was actually a life saving option and is definitely a must have feature added in.

Wondering what it is? Let me tell you, it is an application named ‘Anti- Theft Alarm’ which will be the helping hand to safeguard your phone. How it helps is, when someone tries to take your phone from your bag or your pocket, it will start to raise an alarm immediately. Doing so, you will know that someone has kept their hands on your phone. The best part is, it will not stop ringing unless you update the pass-code/ password to stop it. This will be an amazing option to protect your phone won’t it? Well, there are also a few other features available in the app. All of them come under the modes such as ‘Charger Detector Mode’, ‘Motion Detection Mode’, ‘Proximity Detection Mode’ and the ‘Sim Detection Mode’. The 'Charger Detector' works when someone tries to remove your phone from the charger, the 'Motion Detection' starts to raise an alarm when the phone is given a sudden motion or a movement, 'Sim Detection Mode' will literally help by sending a SMS or email to the provided number/ ID when someone removes the sim from the phone and finally the 'Proximity Detection' is the best feature of them all, which will raise a loud alarm when the phone is taken out from the bag or pocket.

The features sounds to be so trilling and amazing right? To all of you who always works with tension thinking of anyone is using or checking your phone when you are not around, also the ones who travel frequently on public transportation and not only that this app will also be helpful when you are home, so that no one will remove your phone from the charger half the way. This is a great preventive measure that can be used by everyone to safeguard our Android smartphones. So come let is check on how to get it done.



Protect Your Android Phone From Pick Pocket

You have to get the app named ‘Anti Theft Alarm’ directly from the Google playstore to your Android smartphone or tablet.

Let us move on to check how to prevent others from taking our phones without our conscious and also from our phones being stolen.

Firstly, open the app in your device and register it by using either your mobile number, email ID or Facebook account.


Then select one from the 'Proximity Mode' or 'Detection Mode' from the main interface of the app. Select the mode required to your needs. If you want the app to raise alarm when someone take out the phone from your purse or pocket then select the 'Proximity Detection Mode'. I am going to use the 'Proximity Mode' to continue the process.


Next you will have to configure with a pass-code or a pattern lock. Remember the lock carefully as it is needed to stop the alarm tone when the mode is activated.


Thereby the alarm will not stop until you provide the pass-code.


When the password configuration is done, click in the 'Proximity Mode' and you will have 5 seconds to lock the phone and have it inside your pocket.


That’s it, now the app will be activated and help you protect your phone from any kind of security issues. You can also adjust the time period for the security alarm, alarm tone, motion sensitivity and so from the settings tab.


Now onwards you will be able to safeguard your phone from any kind of thefts or misuse. So you can download ‘Anti Theft Alarm’ app directly from the google playstore to your Android smartphones by Clicking here.

I hope this would be a great help for each and everyone of the Android users, as you will not have to worry of your phone getting stolen or even if you have any doubt of someone sneaking into your phone when you are not around, then you can get it cleared too.